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iEmergent, a forecasting and advisory services firm for the financial services, mortgage and real estate industries, today announced the immediate availability of 2022 Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) data in Mortgage MarketSmart. To celebrate providing lenders with early access to HMDA reporting, iEmergent CEO Laird Nossuli shared summary observations drawn from the loan-level origination data.
Top takeaways from 2022 HMDA data:
While it comes as no surprise that lenders originated far fewer loans in 2022 than in 2021, HMDA data illuminates just how steep the dropoff was. Purchase units fell 19% and refinance (refi) units fell 70% year over year. Altogether, the market saw a combined 50.6% drop in purchase and refi units.
In 2022, independent mortgage banks (IMBs) represented just 20% of all U.S. lending institutions, yet they accounted for 58% of purchase and refi units and 56% of purchase and refi dollars originated. By comparison, credit unions were 33% of all lending institutions but represented just 9% of purchase and refi units and 7% of purchase and refi dollars. Banks were 47% of all lending institutions but represented 34% of purchase and refi units and 38% of purchase and refi dollars.
Purchase originations dominated in 2022, accounting for 62% of purchase and refi units and 68% of purchase and refi dollar volume industry-wide. But while banks and IMBs have crossed the threshold from mostly-refi to mostly-purchase, refi transactions still accounted for a majority (55%) of loan units originated by credit unions.
In 2022’s contracting mortgage market, some lenders managed to turn lemons into lemonade. Seven of the year’s top overall lenders by unit volume were new to the top 20, as were eight of the year’s top overall lenders by dollar volume. Slicing the data by loan purpose shakes up the top 20 considerably, with IMBs taking 14 of the top 20 spots for purchase originations, IMBs and banks splitting the top 20 almost evenly for refi originations, and banks and credit unions dominating the top 20 for home improvement loans.
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The average size of a purchase loan increased 7.7% year over year from $337,813 in 2021 to $363,978 in 2022, outpacing overall inflation and exacerbating challenges to housing accessibility and affordability.
“In the current mortgage market, lenders face adversity and opportunity in almost equal measure — a story that is borne out in the latest HMDA data,” said Nossuli. “iEmergent’s Mortgage MarketSmart brings this story to life and puts it into actionable context with rich maps and forecasts that quantify a lender’s market gaps all the way down to the neighborhood level.”
The integration of 2022 HMDA data into Mortgage MarketSmart, iEmergent’s industry-first market visualization platform, makes it easy for lenders to compare their performance against competitors’ across numerous categories including:
By blending current HMDA data with historical market analysis and highly reliable forecasting, Mortgage MarketSmart gives lenders everything they need to quantify and act on market growth opportunities, including diverse lending and recruiting strategies that support financial institutions’ fair lending and Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) obligations. In fact, a comparison of iEmergent’s U.S. Mortgage Origination Forecast against HMDA actuals shows that iEmergent predicted overall 2022 purchase originations with an accuracy over 99%.
To subscribe to Mortgage MarketSmart and gain access to 2022 HMDA data, request a demo.
See more HMDA analysis: